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Comparison of Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography, and Microbiologic Assay for Analysis of Cephalexin in Oral Suspensions

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Two well-accepted methodologies, based on a microbiologic assay (MA) and liquid chromatography (LC), and a novel methodology using micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), were compared for the determination of cephalexin in commercially available and simulated samples of oral suspensions. The MA, described in the Brazilian Pharmacopeia, was performed with a strain of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 as the test organism, following the cylinder-plate method. The LC analysis followed the European Pharmacopoeia, 3rd Ed., and was used with minor modifications. The MEKC analysis was based on a previous work of the group. Estimates of the repeatability relative standard deviations of the MA, LC, and MEKC methods in the analysis of a commercial sample were 0.34, 0.42, and 0.37%, respectively. The recovery obtained with LC was 99.90 ± 1.11%; for MEKC, it was 100.09 ± 0.56%. Although the 3 methodologies were statistically equivalent for the determination of cephalexin in oral suspensions, MA gave suitable repeatability despite being nonspecific and time-consuming. MEKC provided faster analysis and higher column efficiency, whereas LC presented superior sensitivity. The results indicated that MEKC can be used as an alternative method to MA and LC in routine quality control laboratories.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of São Paulo, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, CP 66083, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 580, CEP 05508-900, São Paulo, Brazil 2: University of São Paulo, Institute of Chemistry, CP 26077, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 748, CEP 05508-900, São Paulo, Brazil

Publication date: 2003-07-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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