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Determination of Active Ingredient in Synthetic Pyrethroid Formulations by High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography/Densitometry

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A new, simple, precise, and rapid high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) method was developed for the analysis of commercial emulsifiable concentrate (EC) formulations of cypermethrin, α-cypermethrin, and λ-cyhalothrin. A known amount of reference grade synthetic pyrethroid and its EC formulation was subjected to TLC, and the amount of pesticide present in the active ingredient spot was estimated by densitometry in a single beam, single wavelength reflectance mode. Calibration curves of the synthetic pyrethroid was linear in the range of 8–24 μg, and the correlation coefficient for the calibration equation ranged between 0.97 and 0.99. Recoveries from laboratory-prepared test samples of the EC formulation were in the range of 95–99%. Pesticide formulations were further analyzed by gas liquid chromatography using flame ionization detector, and results were comparable. The proposed HPTLC method has application for quality control and determination of the shelf life of EC formulations.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), Division of Agricultural Chemicals, All India Coordinated Research Project on Pesticide Residues, LBS Bldg, New Delhi – 110 012, India.

Publication date: November 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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