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Determination of Vegetal Proteins in Milk Powder by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: Interlaboratory Study

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Eight laboratories participated in a collaborative study to evaluate an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to determine soy, pea, and wheat proteins in pasteurized or ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk powders. To perform this assay, polyclonal antibodies for soy, pea, and wheat proteins were obtained from rabbit sera. Collaborators received calibration standards composed of milk powder containing 0–8% (w/w) vegetal protein in total protein and blind test samples containing approximately 1, 2, and 5% (w/w) vegetal protein. An indirect competitive ELISA was performed with a kit prepared by a participating laboratory; the kit contained plates coated with soy, pea, or wheat proteins, the corresponding specific antisera, enzyme-labeled second antibody, and substrate solution. Test samples and calibrants were extracted with phosphate-buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 0.05% Tween and assayed with the ELISA kits. The degree of adulteration was affected by the type of heat treatment applied to the samples. The estimated percentage of vegetal protein addition was close to the theoretical value for pasteurized samples but much lower for UHT samples. For pasteurized samples, intralaboratory relative standard deviations ranged from 5 to 22% and interlaboratory relative standard deviations ranged from 14 to 34%.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Miguel Servet, 177, 50013-Zaragoza, Spain. 2: Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7UA United Kingdom.

Publication date: 2002-11-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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