Assessment of Performance of Laboratories in Determining Acrylamide in Crispbread
Abstract:A proficiency testing round was undertaken to assess the performance of laboratories to measure acrylamide in a sample of crispbread. Retail samples of crispbread were ground to a fine powder and after thorough mixing were packed in 40 g units for distribution. Ten samples were selected at random and analyzed in duplicate for acrylamide by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry LC/MS). Standard statistical tests showed that the material was homogeneous for the purposes of proficiency testing. Test samples were distributed to 55 laboratories in 16 countries in Europe, North America, Australia, and the Middle East. The results were analyzed by standard proficiency testing statistical procedures, and laboratories were awarded z-scores on the basis of their reported results. Based on a target standard deviation (σp value) taken from the Horwitz equation, for a robust mean value of 1.2 mg/kg acrylamide, satisfactory results (z-score within ± 2 for those between 0.8 and 1.6 mg/kg) were obtained by 86% of the 37 laboratories that returned results. Only 1 laboratory was unsatisfactory and 4 had questionable results. About equal numbers of laboratories used gas chromatography (GC)/MS and LC/MS procedures with about 25% using MS/MS and one using GC with electron capture detection. There was no evident trend in performance or bias in results. GC/MS and LC/MS data were evenly distributed across the population of laboratories reporting results.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom.
Publication date: 2002-11-01
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- The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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