Determination of Deoxynivalenol in Whole Wheat Flour and Whear Bran
Abstract:A liquid chromatographic (LC) method was developed for determining deoxynivalenol (DON) in whole wheat flour and wheat bran. A 15 g test sample was extracted with acetonitrile–water (84 + 16, v/v) and applied to a Romer MycoSep cleanup column. The eluate was dried and then reconstituted in a 0.1M phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, and applied to a Vicam DONtest-LC cleanup column. The methanol eluate was chromatographed with a methanol–water (17 + 83, v/v) mobile phase on a C18 column with UV detection at 220 nm. Five replicates at each of 5 fortification levels (0.25, 0.50, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 ppm), plus 5 controls, were determined for both whole wheat flour and wheat bran. For flour, the average recoveries were 72.2–91.5% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 4.9–18.4%. The intra-assay flour recovery was 82.4% with 9.8% RSD. A 5 replicate sample of naturally incurred wheat had an average of 1.1 ppm DON with 6.7% RSD. For bran, average recoveries of fortified samples were 69.5–99.7% with RSDs of 1.7–18.8%. The intra-assay bran recovery was 81.5% with 8.9% RSD. The limit of detection (about 3× noise) for the method is 0.05 ppm; the correlation coefficient (linearity) was >0.9995. The DON peak was clearly identified and easily integrated in the chromatograms.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Pacific Regional Laboratory Northwest, 22201 23rd Dr, SE, Bothell, WA 98021.
Publication date: November 1, 2002
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