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Concurrent Determination of Four Fluoroquinolones in Catfish, Shrimp, and Salmon by Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection

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A liquid chromatographic (LC) method with fluorescence detection was developed for concurrent determination of 4 fluoroquinolones: ciprofloxacin (CIPRO), enrofloxacin (ENRO), sarafloxacin (SARA), and difloxacin (DIFLX) in catfish, shrimp, and salmon. The procedure consists of extraction from fish tissue with acidified ethanol, isolation and retention on a cation exchange solid-phase extraction column, elution with basic methanol, and LC analysis with fluorescence detection. LC is performed by isocratic elution with acetonitrile–2% acetic acid (16 + 84) mobile phase, and a PLRP-S polymer column with fluorescence detection, excitation 278 nm and emission 450 nm. A target level of 20 ppb for each of the 4 fluoroquinolones has been established for this method. Fortified and incurred fish sample results are based on a 5-point standard curve calculation (10–160 ppb). Overall percent recoveries (% relative standard deviation) from fortified catfish were 78 (10), 80 (11), 70 (9.4), and 78 (10); from fortified shrimp, 69 (5.9), 85 (4.9), 79 (5.9), and 90 (4.5); and from fortified salmon, 56 (15), 93 (5.6), 61 (11), and 87 (5.0) for CIPRO, ENRO, SARA, and DIFLX, respectively. Data from the analysis of fluoroquinolone-incurred catfish, shrimp, and salmon are presented.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Animal Drugs Research Center, Denver Federal Center, PO Box 25087, Denver, CO 80225-0087.

Publication date: 2002-11-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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