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Differential Pulse Voltammetric Assay of Lercanidipine in Tablets

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Lercanidipine in ethanol–0.04M Britton-Robinson buffer (20 + 80) gives an irreversible anodic response on a glassy carbon electrode in a broad pH range (2–12) that depends on pH. This signal can be attributed to oxidation of the 1,4-dihydropyridine ring to give the corresponding pyridine derivative. For analytical purposes, differential pulse voltammetry at pH 4 was selected. Under these conditions, good values of both within- and interday reproducibility were obtained, with coefficient of variation (CV) values of 1.56 and 1.70%, respectively, for 10 successive runs. For quantitation, the calibration curve method was used for lercanidipine concentrations ranging from 1 × 10−5 to 1 × 10−4M. The detection and quantitation limits were 1.39 × 10−5 and 1.49 × 10−5, respectively. A liquid chromatographic method with electrochemical detection was used for comparison. The voltammetric method showed good selectivity with respect to both excipients and degradation products. The recovery study exhibited a CV of 0.94% and an average recovery of 98.3%, and it was not necessary to treat the sample before the analysis. The method was successfully applied to the individual tablet assay of lercanidipine in commercial tablets.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Chile, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty, Bioelectrochemistry Laboratory, PO Box 233, Santiago 1, Chile.

Publication date: 2002-11-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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