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Determination of Low-Level Glucose and Fructose in Raw and Refined Crystalline Sugar by High-Performance Anion-Exchange Chromatography: Collaborative Study

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A method was developed and a collaborative study was performed under the auspices of the International Commission of Uniform Methods for Sugar Analysis. The collaborators used high-performance anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC) to determine trace amounts of glucose and fructose in 3 raw and 3 refined sugar samples provided as blind duplicates. Fourteen laboratories participated in the study. Although difficulties were experienced by a few analysts, 10 laboratories reported positive results. Average repeatabilities and reproducibilities for glucose and fructose in raw sugar were slightly above 5 and 10%, respectively, and the average Horwitz ratios were well under 2. Average repeatabilities and reproducibilities for glucose and fructose in refined sugar were 10 and 22%, respectively; although the Horwitz ratios were >2, they were marginal (2.8). The HPAEC results agreed with results obtained by gas chromatography in an independent laboratory. Because the method was collaboratively studied according to the protocol of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry for collaborative studies, and the results meet its criteria, it is recommended that the method be adopted Official First Action by AOAC INTERNATIONAL.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Sugar Milling Research Institute, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa 4041.

Publication date: 2002-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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