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Determination of Vitamin B12 in Milk Products and Selected Foods by Optical Biosensor Protein-Binding Assay: Method Comparison

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Biomolecular interaction analysis was evaluated for the automated determination of vitamin B12 in a range of foods. The analytical technique was configured as a biosensor-based, nonlabeled inhibition protein-binding assay using nonintrinsic R-protein. Sample extraction conditions were optimized, and both ligand specificity and nonspecific binding considerations were evaluated. Performance parameters included a quantitation range of 0.08–2.40 ng/mL, recoveries of 89–106%, agreement against assigned reference values for 3 independent certified food reference materials, and a mean between-laboratory reproducibility relative standard deviation of 4.9%. The proposed method was compared with reference microbiological and radioisotope protein-binding methods for a range of food samples. A wide selection of milks, infant formulas, meats, and liver were evaluated for their vitamin B12 content. The influence of season was studied in herd milk, early lactation was followed for a single animal, and the cobalamin content of bovine, caprine, and ovine milks was compared.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: NZMP-Fonterra, PO Box 7, Waitoa, New Zealand. 2: Biacore AB, Rapsgatan 7, Uppsala, Sweden. 3: Biacore AB, Box Hill, Melbourne, Victoria 3128, Australia. 4: AgriQuality NZ Ltd., PO Box 41, Auckland, New Zealand.

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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