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Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Multiple Sulfonamides, Nitrofurans, and Chloramphenicol Residues in Pasteurized Milk

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A rapid and selective liquid chromatographic method was developed to detect 6 sulfonamides, 3 nitrofurans, and chloramphenicol residues in pasteurized milk. The 10 drugs were extracted with chloroform–acetone and the organic phase was evaporated; the residues were dissolved in an aqueous sodium acetate buffer solution 0.02M (pH = 4.8), and the fat was removed by washing with hexane. The aqueous layer was collected, filtered, and injected. The 6 sulfonamides and chloramphenicol were detected at 275 nm ultraviolet (UV) using a gradient system starting with sodium acetate buffer solution–acetonitrile (95 + 5) and finishing with sodium acetate buffer solution–acetonitrile (80 + 20). Nitrofurans were detected at 375 nm (UV) isocratically with sodium acetate buffer solution–acetonitrile (80 + 20). For 50 ppb fortified milk, the average recoveries were (sulfathiazole) 65.52%; (sulfamerazine) 75.36%; (sulfamethazine) 93.94%; (sulfachlorpyridazine) 75.94%; (sulfamethoxazole) 85.18%; (sulfamonomethoxine) 83.45%; (chloramphenicol) 104.17%; (nitrofurazone) 91.81%; (furazolidone) 100.76%; and (furaltadone) 72.38%. Method detection limits ranged from 4 ppb (nitrofurazone) to 16 ppb (sulfamethazine). Some matrix interferences (3–7 ppb) were observed only with sulfonamides.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, México, Distrito Federal. 2: Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria, La Habana, Cuba. 3: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Departamento de Sistemas Biológicos, México, Distrito Federal.

Publication date: 2002-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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