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Determination of Glyphosate and Aminomethylphosphonic Acid in Crops by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Mass-Selective Detection: Collaborative Study

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A collaborative study was conducted to validate a method for the determination of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in crops. The analytes are extracted from crops with water, and the crude extracts are then subjected to a cation exchange cleanup. The analytes are derivatized by the direct addition of the aqueous extract into a mixture of heptafluorobutanol and trifluoroacetic anhydride. The derivatized analytes are quantitated by capillary gas chromatography with mass-selective detection (MSD). The collaborative study involved 13 laboratories located in 5 countries; 12 laboratories returned valid data sets. The crops tested were field corn grain, soya forage, and walnut nutmeat at concentrations of 0.050, 0.40, and 2.0 mg/kg. The study used a split-level pair replication scheme with blindly coded laboratory samples. Twelve materials were analyzed, including 1 control and 3 split-level pairs for each matrix, 1 pair at each nominal concentration. For glyphosate, the mean recovery was 91%, the average intralaboratory variance, the repeatability relative standard deviation (RSDr), was 11%, and the interlaboratory variance, the reproducibility relative standard deviation (RSDR), was 16%. For AMPA, the mean recovery was 87%, the RSDr was 16%, and the RSDR was 25% at mg/kg levels.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Zeneca Ag Products, Western Research Center, 1200 S 47th St, Richmond, CA; Current address: BioMarin Pharmaceutical, Inc., 371 Bel Marin Keys, Suite 210, Novato, CA 94949. 2: Zeneca Ag Products, Western Research Center, 1200 S 47th St, Richmond, CA.; Zeneca Agrochemicals merged with Novartis Agribusiness in 2000 to form Syngenta AG.

Publication date: 2001-05-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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