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Determination of Flunixin Residues in Bovine Muscle Tissue by Liquid Chromatography with UV Detection

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A new and sensitive liquid chromatography–ultra violet method with a detection limit of 6 ng/g (ppb) and a limit of quantification of 15 ng/g was developed for the determination of flunixin residues in bovine muscle tissue. Flunixin in homogenized animal tissue was extracted with acetonitrile after enzyme digestion. The tissue digest (extract) was then cleaned up on a solid-phase extraction cartridge and eluted with acidified hexane. After the eluate was evaporated to dryness under nitrogen at 55°C, the residue was reconstituted in 1 mL mobile phase solution and analyzed by reversed-phase gradient chromatography with UV detection at 285 nm. The method was then applied in a survey study of slaughter animals to determine whether flunixin is being used in an off-label manner for veal and beef production in Canada.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Centre for Veterinary Drug Residues, Health of Animals Laboratory, 116 Veterinary Rd, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 2R3, Canada. 2: University of Saskatchewan, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Biological Sciences, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5B4, Canada.

Publication date: 2001-05-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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