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LC/MS Confirmation of Ionophores in Animal Feeds

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A liquid chromatographic/mass spectrometric (LC/MS) electrospray confirmation method has been developed to confirm 4 ionophores (monensin, lasalocid, salinomycin, and narasin) in a variety of animal feeds using a single quadrupole mass spectrometer. The sodium ions of these compounds are dominant in the electrospray mass spectrum. Using optimized “in-source” collision induced dissociation, characteristic fragment ions seen previously using MS/MS can be observed. The drugs were extracted from the feed matrix using hexane–ethyl acetate and isolated using a silica solid-phase extraction cartridge. These ionophores were confirmed in both medicated feeds and nonmedicated feeds fortified with these drugs at the 1–50 ppm level. In addition, this method was used to confirm residues of monensin in a nonmedicated feed that was collected from a feed mill immediately after the production of a similar feed that was medicated with high levels of monensin.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Animal Drugs Research Center and Denver District Laboratory, Denver, CO 80225.

Publication date: 2001-05-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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