Civilian Employment Among Recently Returning Afghanistan and Iraq National Guard Veterans
Authors: Burnett-Zeigler, Inger; Valenstein, Marcia; Ilgen, Mark; Blow, Adrian J.; Gorman, Lisa A.; Zivin, Kara
Source: Military Medicine, Volume 176, Number 6, June 2011 , pp. 639-646(8)
Objective: National Guard service members face deactivation from active duty soon after they return to the United States and rapid entry into the civilian workforce; therefore, it is important to examine employment among these Veterans. Methods: The sample included 585 National Guard service members. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted examining the associations between mental health symptoms, alcohol use, number of deployments, and combat exposure with employment status and full-time versus part-time employment as outcomes. Results: Forty-one percent of National Guard service members were employed 45 to 60 days following demobilization. Among those who were employed, 79% were employed full-time. Age, family income, and combat exposure were associated with employment; income and health status were associated with part-time versus full-time employment. Conclusions: Mental health status may not be strongly associated with initiating civilian employment among National Guard service members; however, better mental health status is associated with being employed full-time versus part-time.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 2011
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Military Medicine is the Association's official monthly journal. The objective of the Journal is to promote awareness of Federal medicine by providing a forum for responsible discussion of common ideas and problems relevant to Federal healthcare. Its mission is: To increase healthcare education by providing scientific and other information to its readers; to facilitate communication; and to offer a prestige publication for members' writings.
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