Advantages and Limits of Real-Time Epidemiological Surveillance During Military Deployments: The Experience of the French Armed Forces
Authors: Meynard, Jean-Baptiste1; Chaudet, Hervé2; Texier, Gaetan2; Dupuy, Bruce3; Queyriaux, Benjamin2; Pellegrin, Liliane2; Deparis, Xavier2; Migliani, Brigader René1; Spiegel, Brigader André3; Boutin, Brigader Jean-Paul2
Source: Military Medicine, Volume 174, Number 10, October 2009 , pp. 1068-1074(7)
To perform epidemiological surveillance during deployments, the French military health service has developed a real-time surveillance approach. The objective was to identify the benefits and problems of this approach. A prototype of real-time surveillance has been set up in French Guiana since 2004. Its permanent evaluation has allowed identifying strengths and weaknesses. The experience has permitted expansion of the concept to French forces in Djibouti and also development of a global approach for the whole French armed forces. Real-time surveillance has shown its usefulness for early warning during different real and simulated situations. Functional and architectural choices have permitted interoperability with allied nations. However, the information produced was only the first step of the diagnostic epidemiological situation followed by other investigations. This first step of development has highlighted the required complementarity with traditional epidemiological surveillance.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Ecole du Val de Grâce, 1 place Alphonse Laveran, 75230 Paris, France. 2: Institut de Médecine Tropicale du Service de santé des armées, Parc du Pharo, 13998 Marseille armées, France. 3: Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, 23 avenue Pasteur, 97306 Cayenne, Guyane Française.
Publication date: October 2009
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- By this author: Meynard, Jean-Baptiste ; Chaudet, Hervé ; Texier, Gaetan ; Dupuy, Bruce ; Queyriaux, Benjamin ; Pellegrin, Liliane ; Deparis, Xavier ; Migliani, Brigader René ; Spiegel, Brigader André ; Boutin, Brigader Jean-Paul