Disease Nonbattle Injury Surveillance for Commander, Joint Task Force Haiti, 2004
Authors: Bohnker, Bruce K.; Bohnker, Bruce K.; Bowman, Wendi; Dell, Danielle; Gutermuth, Fred
Source: Military Medicine, Volume 170, Number 12, December 2005 , pp. 1032-1033(2)
Abstract:We analyzed weekly disease nonbattle injury data from the Joint Task Force in Haiti during 2004. Surveillance found 908 initial visits during 17,938 person-weeks, for an overall rate of 5.1% (95% confidence interval, 4.7–5.4%), above the reference rate of 4% suggested by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Rates of dermatological (1%), respiratory (0.8%), and other medical/surgical (0.9%) conditions were above suggested rates, whereas rates of work injuries (0.6%) and recreational injuries (0.8%) were below suggested rates. Leading causes of light duty (n = 1,079; 6.01 days per 100 person-weeks) were recreational injuries (39%) and work-related injuries (36%), followed by other medical/surgical conditions (12%). One case of malaria was reported during the deployment. These rates are lower than disease nonbattle injury rates of 9.2% to 13% reported for multinational forces from previous operations in Haiti. They are also lower than rates of 7.1% to 8.1% reported from Bosnia and Kosovo in the late 1990s.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 2005
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