How Leaders Can Influence the Impact That Stressors Have on Soldiers
Source: Military Medicine, Volume 169, Number 7, July 2004 , pp. 541-545(5)
Abstract:The present review addresses the importance of leader behaviors in influencing the extent to which various stressors soldiers experience (e.g., high workload and lack of sleep) are related to different types of strains (e.g., psychological health, poor job satisfaction, and low morale). Research conducted by the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) in the area of leadership is reviewed. Researchers at the WRAIR have examined the role of leadership as a predictor of stress, as a buffer against the negative effects of stress, and as a variable that predicts or enables variables that have been found to decrease the adverse effects of stress (e.g., role clarity, self-efficacy, and job engagement). A key strength of the WRAIR program of research is the use of multilevel modeling to examine how perceptions of leadership at the unit level are related to unit and individual soldier well-being and motivation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, 418 Brackett Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634. 2: U.S. Army Medical Research Unit-Europe, CMR 442, APO AE 09042. 3: Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500.
Publication date: 2004-07-01
- Military Medicine is the Association's official monthly journal. The objective of the Journal is to promote awareness of Federal medicine by providing a forum for responsible discussion of common ideas and problems relevant to Federal healthcare. Its mission is: To increase healthcare education by providing scientific and other information to its readers; to facilitate communication; and to offer a prestige publication for members' writings.
Military Medicine's 5-year Impact Factor: 1.061
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