Department of Defense West Nile Virus Surveillance in 2002
Authors: Clara Josting Witt1; Mary Brundage1; Charles Cannon2; Kenneth Cox3; Tamara E. Clements4; Edwin D. Cooper5; Yevgeniy Elbert1; George V. Ludwig4; Joseph A. Mangiafico4; Mark Malakooti6; Mellissa K. Miller2; Steve D. Osborn7; Ben Pagac2; Lenoir P. Ross8; Larry J. Shelton9; Alexandra Spring2; Patrick Kelley1
Source: Military Medicine, Volume 169, Number 6, June 2004 , pp. 421-428(8)
Abstract:The Department of Defense (DoD) has engaged in West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance and response since 1999. In 2002, the three Services continued their cooperative, multidisciplinary approach to the WNV outbreak. Activities included a doubling of mosquito surveillance and vector control responses, extension of and doubling of bird and nonhuman mammal surveillance to all four continental United States regions, expanded diagnostic testing by DoD laboratories, and installation environmental clean up and personnel protection campaigns. Medical treatment facilities conducted passive surveillance and reported possible cases in DoD health care beneficiaries. Efforts were coordinated through active communication within installations, with commands, and with surrounding communities. Undertaken activities complemented each other to maximize surveillance coverage. The surveillance detected WNV on 44 DoD installations. It led directly to vector control and prevention activities, and there were no confirmed cases of WNV reported in the DoD force. This multi-Service effort is a surveillance template for future outbreaks that threaten DoD force health.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: DoD-Global Emerging Infections Surveillance, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500. 2: USA Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine-North, Entomological Sciences Division, Fort Meade, MD 20755-5225. 3: Air Force Institute for Environment, Safety, and Occupational Health Risk Assessment, Brooks AFB, TX 78235-5226. 4: Diagnostic Systems Division, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702-5011. 5: VETCOM Food Analysis and Diagnostic Laboratory, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234-6232 6: Navy Environmental Health Center, NMCP Building 215, Portsmouth, VA 23708-2103. 7: Veterinary Command, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234. 8: Department of Preventive Medicine, USAMEDDAC, Fort Polk, LA 71459. 9: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Bethesda, MD 20814.
Publication date: 2004-06-01
- Military Medicine is the Association's official monthly journal. The objective of the Journal is to promote awareness of Federal medicine by providing a forum for responsible discussion of common ideas and problems relevant to Federal healthcare. Its mission is: To increase healthcare education by providing scientific and other information to its readers; to facilitate communication; and to offer a prestige publication for members' writings.
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- By this author: Clara Josting Witt ; Mary Brundage ; Charles Cannon ; Kenneth Cox ; Tamara E. Clements ; Edwin D. Cooper ; Yevgeniy Elbert ; George V. Ludwig ; Joseph A. Mangiafico ; Mark Malakooti ; Mellissa K. Miller ; Steve D. Osborn ; Ben Pagac ; Lenoir P. Ross ; Larry J. Shelton ; Alexandra Spring ; Patrick Kelley