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“Let me see if Philip can/ Be a little gentleman”: Parenting and Class in Struwwelpeter and Great Expectations

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This article suggests that “The Story of Fidgety Philip” in Heinrich Hoffmann's best-selling children's book Struwwelpeter (1845) should be considered one of the sources fueling Herbert Pocket's objection to the name “Philip.” Its opening lines, “Let me see if Philip can/Be a little gentleman,” voice the novel's central obsession and thus invite us to consider Struwwelpeter as a significant intertext in Great Expectations. Struwwelpeter is an ambivalent text, for its desired result of civilizing children seems hollowed out by the negative portrait of parenting that emerges in it. Tracing the instabilities created by this ambivalence in Struwwelpeter reveals a corresponding ambivalence and perplexity in the novel's treatment of its fundamental themes (becoming a gentleman, raising children, raising gentlemen)—issues Dickens faced himself as the son of disappointing parents and the father of disappointing children.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2010

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  • Founded in 1970, the centennial anniversary of Dickens's death, DSA has been published since 1980 by AMS Press in cooperation with the Ph.D. program in English of the City University of New York and in association with the Graduate Center, CUNY and Queens College, CUNY. Besides presenting articles exploring the wide range of Dickens''s interests and talents, DSA also includes essays on other mid- and late- nineteenth-century authors and on the history and aesthetics of the period's fiction. In addition, each volume contains a substantial review article examining a prior year's scholarship on Dickens, and DSA occasionally publishes surveys of work on other Victorian writers, as well as review essays considering specialized studies of subjects in Victorian fiction. The editors seek to offer essays of "the most diverse kinds," those employing innovative as well as traditional approaches.
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