The evolution of Web-based peer-review systems
Abstract:Web-based peer-review systems are ubiquitous within scholarly publishing today, providing valuable efficiencies for authors, editors, and referees. These systems are the result of a general evolution from paper-based workflows to electronic processes that began in the 1970s. DOS-based systems paved the way for Windows desktop systems and, in the mid-1990s, Web-based peer review. Governmental, academic, and commercial stakeholders all participated in advancing the state of peer review by experimenting with different technologies, workflows, and features. These experiments have coalesced into a new steady state in which Web-based peer-review systems are the norm, and in which continued evolution tends to focus on incremental improvements to traditional workflow.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2008
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