Shortcomings of peer review in biomedical journals
Abstract:Peer review is well established across most academic disciplines, and publishers, editors, and researchers devote considerable resources to it. This paper uses examples from biomedical journals to examine its shortcomings. Although mainly anecdotal, the evidence suggests that peer review is sometimes ineffective at identifying important research and even less effective at detecting fraud. Most reviewers identify only the minority of a paper's defects and they may be biased. Peer review plus other editorial processes are associated with improvements in papers between submission and publication, but published papers remain hard to read and a significant proportion contain errors or omissions. While it is hard to quantify the costs, peer review does not seem an efficient use of resources. Research into the outcomes of peer review, the establishment of sound methods for measuring the quality of the process and its outcomes, and comparisons with alternative methods are needed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2001
Learned Publishing is the journal of the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers, published in collaboration with the Society for Scholarly Publishing. The journal is published quarterly in January/April/July/October.
Learned Publishing articles are available free online to members of ALPSP and SSP.
ALPSP members: log in to www.alpsp.org. If you do not have a password contact firstname.lastname@example.org
SSP members: log in to the Member Center using your membership username and password. Further information email@example.com
Learned Publishing will be moving to Wiley-Blackwell as of January 1, 2016. Please contact the publisher at firstname.lastname@example.org for information on how to continue access to this title.