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Post-Uprising Libyan Associations and Democracy Building in Urban Libya

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The article shows how various volunteer groups became the main channel to address the disorganization of the State in large Libyan cities during the uprising. The new leadership gave them legal status, and their number increased to 3,000. Many of their charitable activities vanished with the oil revenue being distributed again. They diversified their activities to democracy building, along with former opposition army, police, administration, enterprises, tribe elites, etc. who joined the uprising. They mobilized the people to elect new local councils, parliament and government and then to compel the militia and the government to respect the new institutions and rights. They acted as consultants, lobbyists, media, trade unions, etc. They also gave to their educated members social status. Post-Qaddafi Libyan associations remain key partners for a sustainable democracy, and as a main source for social control.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2014-03-01

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  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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