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Two Charters of Athens and Two Visions of Utopia: Functional and Connected

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This paper aims to provide a comparative analysis of the two Charters of Athens, one produced in 1933 and the other in 2003. In particular, it focuses on a critical examination of their approach to five interrelated issues: concept of the city; diagnosis of the urban problems; prescription for urban solution; vision of the future city; and treatment of the environment. The comparison shows how the two Charters are responses to the particular circumstances of their times and reflect different roles and attitudes of the experts and as such show very different approaches to the city, its problems and possible solutions. However, despite their differences the two Charters share a number of underlying perspectives, notably a utopian view of the future, a desire for order in cities through making connections, and to a lesser extent a technological mindset for solving urban problems and a utilitarian view of the environment.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2012

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  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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