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History and Failure of the Mega-Project 'Frankfurt 21'

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The following contribution is a personalized account of the failed attempt to convert one of Europe's largest railway stations, Frankfurt Main Station, from a terminal station into an underground through station. Written by a German transport engineer who was actively involved in proposing possible tunnel solutions at the time, the article traces developments around the Main Station all the way from the early days of Frankfurt's urban development to the current situation where key challenges still remain unresolved. The author ultimately concludes that any new concepts for expansion must now account for a future liberalization of both rail and coach travel, and properly accommodate the long-distance bus station near the station.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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