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Impact of High Speed Rail Stations on Local Development: A Delphi Survey

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Abstract:

High speed rail (HSR) is planned for California and other US states, but there is a significant lack of knowledge regarding the urban development impacts that HSR systems have had in other parts of the world. The study identifies the important preconditions for positive development around HSR stations, the most important positive and negative effects of such development, and extracts lessons for California. From a Delphi survey of twenty-seven experts, we found that the impacts of HSR on the urban development of adjacent station areas differ depending on the context and circumstances. A number of preconditions should be in place for positive development to happen, such as careful choice of station location, an urban design vision for the station area, a transportation plan that links the station to other modes, supportive land-use policies and zoning regulations, and processes that help create broad interest coalitions and elicit community support.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2148/benv.38.1.51

Publication date: 2012-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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