Clumsy Floodplains and the Law: Towards a Responsive Land Policy for Extreme Floods
Abstract:Almost every year, extreme floods cause enormous damage in floodplains. However, urban development still takes place in these areas. As levees are built up, space for the rivers shrinks. The same patterns of human activity can often be observed in floodplains: values are accumulated there, floods threaten them, levees are built to protect the values, and additional values are accumulated. In consequence, flood risk increases. Continuing patterns of human activity establish a persistent social construction in floodplains which contributes to risk increase. This is clumsy. The analysis of this clumsiness is the objective of this paper. Therefore, social construction in floodplains will be described with the help of polyrationality theory. Then, a reflection on the legal basis for this activity will be made for the German case. This contribution will show that the legal system sustains the social construction, which emerges as clumsiness. Finally, a recommendation for a responsive land policy will be made one which copes with the clumsy floodplains. It is based on a compulsory insurance against natural hazards.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 7, 2009
Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.
Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.
The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.
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