The Emergence of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area as an International Hub of the Knowledge Industries
Abstract:The long tradition of national policies in Finland has been central to its development in knowledge industries. The origins of these policies date back to 1879, when a political decision was made to privatize Finnish telephone activities and to open them to the international market. This decision marks the beginning of the international development of Information Communication Technology in Finland. In addition to this, national policies investing in education have been central to this development. Overall, it can be said that the structural counterpart of locally constructed historic traditions and the requirements of new economic success have given a competitive advantage to the rapid rise of Helsinki in Finland as an international hub of the knowledge industries.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 24, 2009
Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.
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The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.
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