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Becoming a Knowledge City: The Example of Toulouse

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The literature on the development of creative and knowledge-based sectors in European cities places considerable emphasis on both the influence of path dependency and public policy interventions. However, these two elements tend to be treated separately. This paper seeks to strengthen the awareness of the importance of policy in shaping the development of knowledge-based economies and thereby strengthen links between these two approaches. The paper refers to Toulouse, whose policy history has been crucial in the development of its knowledge-based economy. The analysis suggests that one should take into consideration not only path dependency factors, the past and present roles played by public policies, and their delayed impacts, but also the nature of the sector considered.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 24, 2009

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  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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