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Creative and Knowledge Cities: Development Paths and Policies from a European Perspective

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In this paper we compare the economic development of thirteen European metropolitan regions. The objective is to learn more about the conditions that are important to these developments, especially in the spheres of creative and knowledge-intensive industries. Here we will focus on the expected positions of cities and regions in these economic spheres, based on the long-term development paths they went through (within the context of more general economic and societal changes) and on the current and more recent developments in the spheres of so-called hard and soft conditions for development. The expected positions will be confronted with current economic performance measured in terms of the number of jobs in creative industries and knowledge-intensive industries. This results in new hypotheses which need to be tested in any subsequent research. We also consider the findings against active policy interventions that cities are developing. Most research that focused on the development of today's cities is biased with a Western focus and we break away from that perspective by covering cities in both Western and Eastern Europe.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 24 June 2009

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  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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