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From Homogenous to Heterogeneous: The Transformation of Beijing's Socio-Spatial Structure

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Abstract:

Comparing 1982 and 2000 census data, we find that Beijing's socio-spatial structure is becoming more complex, with the transformation from a homogenous spatial structure to a heterogeneous one. The characteristics of Beijing's social space transformed from reflecting information about occupation to the appearance of many new factors, concerning migrants, ethnicity and housing conditions, which are the results of moving to a market economy. The socio-spatial structure model changed from one exhibiting more similarities than differences to one exhibiting more differences than similarities. The distribution of urban social indices tends to be dispersive and complicated, while the degree of spatial differentiation of social indices in Beijing tends to have decreased in the period 19822000. The reasons for such transformation should be attributed to institutional innovation, the changing manner of urban planning and development, and changing individual status.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2148/benv.34.4.482

Publication date: December 7, 2008

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  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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