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EFFECT OF OIL CONTAINING n-3 POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS (PUFA) ON THE IMMUNE RESPONSE AND GROWTH FACTORS IN PIGLETS

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Abstract:

Oral administration of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to piglets slightly enhances the immune response. As compared to the control, in the experimental piglets the absolute values of monocytes in the peripheral blood were significantly increased (P < 0.05), while the metabolic activity of phagocytes and the number of lymphocytes within the individual subpopulations were slightly higher. The level of growth factors, determined on the basis of somatomedin in the blood serum, was significantly higher in the experimental group (P < 0.05). n-3 PUFA interfere with the synthesis of prostaglandins and influence the metabolism of fatty acids. This finding may contribute to the therapy of inflammatory processes influencing immune and growth factors in piglets.

Keywords: lymphocytes; phagocytes; piglets; polyunsaturated fatty acids; supplementation

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1999-12-09

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