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Free Content The Types of Suffering in the Mahāvyutpatti and the Pāli Canon

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In this paper an analysis is attempted of the triple suffering (duhkha-duhkhatā, samskāra-duhkhatā, vipariņāma-duhkhatā) as it appears in the Mahāvyutpatti and in earlier sources. Comparing it to some non-buddhistic triads (e.g. in the Yoga-sūtra) and similar concepts in the Pāli Canon and its commentaries, a connection is suggested to the trilakşaņa (duhkha, anitya, anātman) and to the frequent series old age - disease - death. It appears that the original understanding of samskāra-duhkhatā was probably not the suffering related to subliminal impressions but rather the suffering inherent in anything of a composite nature.

Keywords: Mah?vyutpatti; P?li Canon; Yoga-s?tra; duhkhat?; samsk?ra; suffering; trilakºa?a

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 7, 2003

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