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A Numerical Study of Sand Particle Distribution, Density, and Shape Effects on the Scavenge Efficiency of Engine Inlet Particle Separator Systems

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Abstract:

Sand size and shape factor, engine inlet angle to the approaching flow, splitter position, inlet wall rebound characteristics, inlet and scavenge vanes, and struts have pronounced effects on the scavenge efficiency. A numerical study is conducted on the effects of particle shape, density, and distribution at the engine inlet on the scavenge efficiency. Three‐dimensional Navier‐Stokes equations for air and the conservation equations in the Lagrangian framework for particles were solved simultaneously. Sand distribution, density, and shape factor for four engine inlet geometries were varied, and results were compared. Nonuniform distributions with small (large) particles concentrated at the inlet inner radius have the highest (lowest) scavenge efficiency. For random distributions, scavenge efficiency increases with inlet tilt angle, particularly for angles above 10°. Particles smaller than 20 μm are the most problematic as they follow the flowpath to the engine core. Sand density and size have similar influences on the scavenge efficiency, i.e., higher (lower) density particles behave like larger (smaller) particles. However, this effect is noticeable only for particle sizes less than 10 μm. Variations in particle shape factor are only noticeable for particle sizes less than 20 μm. Scavenge efficiencies for particle sizes less than 5 μm are influenced by both increasing and decreasing shape factors, whereas scavenge efficiency for 10‐μm particles is influenced only by shape factors below that for spherical particles.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4050/JAHS.55.022006

Affiliations: Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department, Northeastern University, Boston, MA

Publication date: April 1, 2010

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  • The Journal of the American Helicopter Society is the world's only scientific journal dedicated to vertical flight technology. It is a peer-reviewed technical journal published quarterly by AHS International and presents innovative papers covering the state-of-the-art in all disciplines of rotorcraft design, research and development. (Please note that AHS members receive significant discounts on articles and subscriptions.)

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    Authors can find submission guidelines and related information on the AHS website.

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