Rotorcraft Vibration Reduction and Noise Prediction Using a Unified Aeroelastic Response Simulation

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A numerical simulation of noise generation during closed‐loop vibration reduction using actively controlled flaps (ACFs) has been conducted. To develop this simulation capability, a rotor aerodynamic model generating unsteady time‐domain blade surface pressure distributions and including effects of compressibility and a free‐wake was developed. This aerodynamic tool was incorporated into an aeroelastic model featuring fully coupled flap‐lag‐torsional dynamics and including moderate deflections. An acoustic prediction tool based on WOPWOP was also introduced and modified to fully account for blade flexibility on noise generation. This unified aeroelastic/aeroacoustic analysis program was validated with experimental aerodynamic and acoustic data. Single and dual ACF configurations were used to reduce 4/rev vibrations in descending flight, where heavy blade‐vortex interaction (BVI) effects are expected, and the accompanying changes to noise generation were carefully examined. It was observed that noise on a carpet plane beneath the rotor increases by 1–3 dB for all ACF vibration reduction configurations simulated. However, imposing saturation limits on flap deflections and using the dual flap configuration was found to reduce the acoustic penalty as a result of vibration reduction.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • The Journal of the American Helicopter Society is the world's only scientific journal dedicated to vertical flight technology. It is a peer-reviewed technical journal published quarterly by AHS International and presents innovative papers covering the state-of-the-art in all disciplines of rotorcraft design, research and development. (Please note that AHS members receive significant discounts on articles and subscriptions.)

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