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Aeromechanic Aspects in the Design of the EC135

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Abstract:

This paper highlights the design work for optimized dynamics, aerodynamics, flying and handling qualities taking into account the experiences gained during the development of the EC135. First a brief description of the development schedule and helicopter is given. Then follows a discussion of interesting topics like rotor dynamics, vibration, rotor/airframe aerodynamics, stability and control. For each problem area, significant parameters are discussed and tendencies are shown. In addition, the methodology used today in the design process of a helicopter is addressed. Results show a wide range of interesting numerical values of design parameters or system qualities like rotor stiffness, pitch‐lag coupling of the BMR blades, endplate/stabilizer configuration, cabin vibrations, maneuverability, controllability, influence of lateral derivatives on Dutch roll damping and optimized gust response. All discussed items are reflected by flight test results.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4050/JAHS.44.83

Affiliations: Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH, 81663 Mu¨nchen, Germany

Publication date: April 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of the American Helicopter Society is the world's only scientific journal dedicated to vertical flight technology. It is a peer-reviewed technical journal published quarterly by AHS International and presents innovative papers covering the state-of-the-art in all disciplines of rotorcraft design, research and development. (Please note that AHS members receive significant discounts on articles and subscriptions.)

    Journal subscribers who are AHS members log in here if you are not already logged in.

    Authors can find submission guidelines and related information on the AHS website.

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