Europe's Tired, Poor, Huddled Masses: Self-Selection and Economic Outcomes in the Age of Mass Migration
Authors: Abramitzky, Ran; Boustan, Leah Platt; Eriksson, Katherine
Source: The American Economic Review, Volume 102, Number 5, August 2012 , pp. 1832-1856(25)
Publisher: American Economic Association
Abstract:During the age of mass migration (1850-1913), one of the largest migration episodes in history, the United States maintained a nearly open border, allowing the study of migrant decisions unhindered by entry restrictions. We estimate the return to migration while accounting for migrant selection by comparing Norway-to-US migrants with their brothers who stayed in Norway in the late nineteenth century. We also compare fathers of migrants and nonmigrants by wealth and occupation. We find that the return to migration was relatively low (70 percent) and that migrants from urban areas were negatively selected from the sending population.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2012-08-01
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