Moxonidine: A Review of its Use in Essential Hypertension
Authors: Fenton, Caroline; Keating, Gillian M.; Lyseng-Williamson, Katherine A.
Source: Drugs, Volume 66, Number 4, 2006 , pp. 477-496(20)
Publisher: Adis International
Abstract:Moxonidine (Physiotens®, Moxon®, Cynt®) is an orally administered imidazoline compound with selective agonist activity at imidazoline I1 receptors and only minor activity at α2-adrenoceptors. Moxonidine acts centrally to reduce peripheral sympathetic activity, thus decreasing peripheral vascular resistance. In patients with mild to moderate hypertension, moxonidine reduces blood pressure (BP) as effectively as most first-line antihypertensives when used as monotherapy and is also an effective adjunctive therapy in combination with other antihypertensive agents. It improves the metabolic profile in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance, is well tolerated, has a low potential for drug interactions and may be administered once daily in most patients. Thus, moxonidine is a good option in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate hypertension, particularly as adjunctive therapy in patients with the metabolic syndrome.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Adis International Limited, Auckland, New Zealand
Publication date: 2006