Treatment Modalities for Drug–Induced Gingival Enlargement
Source: Journal of Dental Hygiene, 7 November 2012, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 272-277(6)
Abstract:Purpose: This paper identifies 3 specific classifications of commonly prescribed medications that are known to cause gingival enlargement and describes surgical and non–surgical treatment therapies. Primary risks associated with drug–induced gingival enlargement, including increased dental decay and periodontal disease are also discussed.
The precise bacterial etiology in gingival enlargement remains unclear, although sufficient evidence exists to support the role of good oral hygiene in decreasing the incidence and severity of gingival enlargement and improving overall gingival health. Etiology, treatment planning and coordination of care between physician, dentist or dental hygienist when indicated are important factors determining whether a surgical or non–surgical course of treatment should be considered.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Research assistant at the Department of Periodontics and Endodontics at the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, School of Dental Medicine, USA 2: Professor at the School of Dental Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy 3: Professor at the Department of Periodontics and Endodontics at the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, School of Dental Medicine, USA
Publication date: November 7, 2012