Halitosis: A Review of Current Literature

Authors: Armstrong, Brenda L.1; Sensat, Michelle L.2; Stoltenberg, Jill L.3

Source: Journal of Dental Hygiene, 19 March 2010, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 65-74(10)

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Abstract:

Purpose: Halitosis is defined as an unpleasant odor that emanates from the oral cavity with intra–oral and/or extra–oral origins. Fifty percent of people worldwide view themselves as having halitosis, with 90% of the etiology being intra–oral. Dental hygiene practitioners should be knowledgeable about the current classifications, diagnosis and treatment modalities to best meet the needs of patients either self–reporting or diagnosed with this problem. Classification of halitosis, assessment, diagnosis, intra–oral and systemic contributing factors, treatment, management and clinical application are discussed in this review.

Keywords: ASSESSMENT; BAD BREATH; CLASSIFICATION; DIAGNOSIS; HALITOSIS; ORAL MALODOR; TREATMENT

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: 1: Adjunct clinical instructor, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, Minnesota 2: Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Division of Dental Hygiene at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, Minnesota 3: Associate Professor in the Division of Dental Hygiene at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Publication date: March 19, 2010

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