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Open Access Assessing Temperament as a Predictor of Oral Sedation Success Using the Children's Behavior Questionnaire Short Form

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether temperament, as measured by the Children's Behavior Questionnaire Short Form (CBQ-SF), was associated with success in oral sedation. Methods: Child-caregiver dyads were enrolled from patients presenting for midazolam, meperidine, and hydroxyzine oral sedation. Children between 36 and 95 months of age, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification I or II, with diagnostic radiographs, whose parents believed he/she would swallow oral medications, were enrolled. To assess child temperament, caregivers completed the CBQ-SF. Behavior during sedation and overall sedation results were recorded using the Houpt Behavior Rating Scale. Failure was defined by Houpt overall ratings of fair or worse. The presence of disruptive behavior was also quantified. Results: The sample population consisted of 61 patient-caregiver dyads. The overall sedation success rate was 87 percent (N equals 53). Disruptive behavior was present during 28 percent (N equals 17) of total cases. There was not a significant difference in failure rate or presence of disruptive behavior by age, sex, ASA status, insurance status, reason for sedation, or type of treatment provided. High impulsivity scores were significantly associated with disruptive behavior (P=.04). Conclusions: Impulsivity may be a determinant of a child's behavior during sedation.

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Keywords: CHILD; SEDATION; TEMPERAMENT

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Wa., USA. [email protected] 2: Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Wa., USA 3: Division of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Publication date: 2015-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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