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The Comparative Morbidities of Acute Dental Pain and Acute Asthma on Quality of Life in Children

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Purpose: The purpose of this prospective cross-section survey study was to examine the comparative burden of acute exacerbations of the two most common chronic illnesses of childhood: acute dental pain and acute asthma. Methods: All patients came from one of three distinct clinics within Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio: (1) outpatient dental clinic; (2) urgent medical care unit; or (3) emergency department. Caregivers were asked information about their child's condition and the impact on their daily function. Results: A total of 112 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Children were significantly more likely to be under the care of a physician for asthma than a dentist for caries (P<.001). More caregivers worried about their child's overall health due to dental caries than asthma-related symptoms (P<.001). Two thirds of children had pain due to dental caries, which kept them from sleeping; 45% were prevented from playing; 45% were prevented from going to school; and 68% from eating in the preceding week. Conclusion: Acute dental disease had a comparative and, in some aspects, greater impact on a child's quality of life than acute asthma.
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Keywords: ASTHMA; DENTAL CARIES; QUALITY OF LIFE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; Department of Dentistry, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA. [email protected] 2: Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; Department of Dentistry, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA 3: Division of Pediatric Dentistry and Community Oral Health, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; Department of Dentistry, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA 4: Division of Restorative Dentistry and Primary Care, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; Department of Dentistry, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA 5: Glazer Dental Associates, Durham, Conn, USA

Publication date: 2012-07-01

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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