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Effect of Different Concentrations of Chlorhexidine on Bond Strength of Primary Dentin

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Abstract:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of different concentrations of chlorhexidine digluconate on the bond strength to primary tooth dentin immediately and after 12 months. Methods: Twenty-one sound primary molars were assigned to 3 groups (N=7). The bonding procedure was performed in control group (A) using 37% phosphoric acid gel (15 seconds), then washed (15 seconds), dried with air (30 seconds), and rehydrated with water. Groups B and C had the rewetting procedure performed, respectively, with 0.5% and 2% chlorhexidine for 30 seconds. The tensile bond strength was tested immediately (IM) or after storage in artificial saliva for 12 months (12M). Data were evaluated by 2-way repeated measures analysis of variance and Tukey's post-hoc test. Results: There was no significant reduction in bond strength values when chlorhexidine was used at concentrations of 0.5% (IM=49.3/2.6 and 12M=32.3/7.9) and 2% (IM=44.0/8.7 and 12M=34.6/5.1). Conversely, a significantreduction in bond strength was observed in the control group (IM=50.8/12.8 and 12M=20.4/3.7). Conclusion: The study validates the concept that chlorhexidinesolution, at different concentrations, may prevent the degradation of the adhesive interface in primary teeth.

Keywords: BOND STRENGTH; CHLORHEXIDINE; DENTIN BONDING; MICROTENSILE; TOOTH DECIDUOUS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, São Paulo, Brazil 2: Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil 3: School of Dentistry University of São Paulo, Brazil; Dental Research Center São Leopoldo Mandic, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil 4: School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. danielar@usp.br

Publication date: March 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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