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Efficacy of a Novel Pacifier in the Prevention of Anterior Open Bite

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test a novel pacifier (Dentistar) regarding the development of anterior open bite in infants. Methods: One hundred twenty-nine newborn children were randomly assigned to 2 experimental groups: NUK (N; N =73); and Dentistar (D; N=56. Children (N=42) who did not use a pacifier served as the control (C). At 10- to 26-months old, the children were re-examined (via a blind operator) regarding the existence of an anterior open bite. Results: One hundred twenty-one toddlers (66 females, 55 males) were included in the final analysis (N: N=42; D: N=43; C: N=36). The mean age was 15.9 (±3.9 SD) months. In Group N, 16 children (38%) showed an anterior open bite, 2 (5%) in Group D, and 0 in Group C. The incidence of open bites was significantly less in Groups D and C vs N (chi-square test, P<.001). No significant difference was found between D and C. Conclusion: Pacifier use may promote open bites in 16-month-old infants. Compared to a commonly used pacifier, the Dentistar caused almost no anterior open bites and, therefore, can be recommended for children younger than 16 months old.
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Keywords: ACCESS TO CARE; HEALTH PROMOTION; HEALTH SERVICES; ORTHODONTICS; PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Operative and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany 2: Practitioner in Private Practice, Duesseldorf, Germany 3: Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication date: 2011-01-01

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  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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