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Intraosseous Leiomyoma of the Jaw in an Adolescent

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Leiomyoma is a benign tumor of the smooth muscle that rarely occurs in the mouth as an intraosseous lesion. The purposes of this paper are to: (1) present a case of an intraosseous solid leiomyoma of the mandible in a 13-year-old child, who presented with a well-defined unilocular radiolucency in the right mandible incidentally discovered during a routine dental radiographic examination; and (2) conduct a review of the literature to describe clinicopathological features and management of intraosseous jaw leiomyoma (IJL). A total of 17 articles describing 18 cases of IJL satisfied the selection criteria; including the present patient, to date a total of 19 cases of IJL have been reported. IJL occurs mainly in young patients (36.8 percent), more often in boys (1:5:1 male-to-female ratio), and reaches a larger size in children than in adults. The treatment of choice for IJL is surgical excision, which should be as minimally invasive as possible, especially in children.
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Keywords: CHILD; JAW; LEIOMYOMA

Document Type: Case Report

Affiliations: 1: Staff surgeon, in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, in Barcelona, Spain;, Email: [email protected] 2: Staff surgeon, in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, in Barcelona, Spain 3: Staff physician, Department of Pathology, Hospital d'Igualada, in Barcelona, Spain 4: Chief, in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, in Barcelona, Spain

Publication date: 01 May 2017

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  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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