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The Impact of Non-nutritive Sucking on the Risk for Sleep-disordered Breathing in Children

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Purpose: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is not uncommon in children. The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between non-nutritive sucking (NNS) and the risk of SDB in children as well as assess the effect of infant feeding practices on SDB.

Methods: Eighty-four healthy four- to 12-year-old children were categorized either as high or low risk for SDB based on the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). NNS and feeding practices were determined using a customized caregiver questionnaire.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference (P=0.21) between low- and high-risk children for a history of NNS. A statistically significant difference (P<0.001) was found for breastfed versus bottlefed children, with breastfeeding having a protective effect for SDB.

Conclusion: NNS had no effect on SDB, while breastfeeding reduced the risk substantially.
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Keywords: ADENOTOSILLECTOMY; BOTTLE FED; BREAST FED; NON-NUTRITIVE SUCKING HABIT; SLEEP DISORDERED BREATHING

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Assistant professor, Department of Orthodontics, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nev., USA 2: Associate professor and Chair, Department of Orthodontics, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N.C., USA 3: Research professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N.C., USA 4: Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Assistant Dean for Graduate/Advanced Education, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N.C., USA;, Email: ceib_phillips@unc.edu

Publication date: 2017-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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