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Periodontal Disease and Body Weight Assessment in Children

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess body weight and periodontal disease development in obese and normal weight children.

Methods: Eighty-eight 5- to 10-year-old children participated in this study. Periodontal measurements included the visible plaque index (VPI), community periodontal index (CPI), and bleeding on probing (BOP). Complete periodontal examinations were performed in some children with CPI codes three and four. Anthropometric examination consisted of body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), which was adjusted by age according to percentiles. The groups were divided into children of normal weight (N=43, BMI less than 85 per age) and obese children (N=45, BMI greater than 97 per age).

Results: The results showed that the obesity group showed significant proportions of CPI codes one (44.2%) and three (7.4%), when compared with normal weight subjects (P<0.05). VPI was similar between both groups (P>0.05). BOP was higher in obese patients than in children with normal weight (P<0.05). CPI zero was more prevalent in normal weight subjects (62.6%, P<0.05).

Conclusion: Obese children seem to be more susceptible to periodontal disease.
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Keywords: BODY WEIGHT; CHILDREN; OBESITY; PERIODONTAL DISEASES

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Associate professor, in the Department Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, in São Paulo, Brazil;, Email: elizangelazuza@yahoo.com.br 2: Dentist in private practice, in São Paulo, Brazil 3: Statistician, Department of Statistics, at the Educational Foundation of Barretos, Barretos, in São Paulo, Brazil 4: Assistant professor, in the Department Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, in São Paulo, Brazil 5: Associate professor, in the Department Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, in São Paulo, Brazil 6: Associate professor, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil

Publication date: 2017-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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