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Association of Candida Species Isolated From the Dental Plaque of HIV-infected Children and Prevalence of Early Carious Lesions

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Purpose: The purposes of this study were to: (1) quantify and identify Candida species (spp.) in the dental plaque of children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and compare with noninfected children; and (2) determine the association of Candida spp. with the presence of caries.

Methods: Seventy HIV-infected and 55 non-HIV-infected three- to 12-year-old children were examined to determine caries prevalence. After a visual inspection, supragingival plaque was collected from the cervical region using standard dental curettes. The material was transferred to microtubes and submitted for analysis to identify and quantify the presence of Candida spp.

Results: Candida spp. were more prevalent in the HIV-infected group (72.9 percent) than in the control group (20 percent), and the most prevalent specie was Candida albicans. Caries was found in 72.9 percent of the HIV-infected group and in 58.2 percent of the control group, but a significant difference was only found in the presence of active white spot lesions between the groups.

Conclusions: The dental plaque of HIV-infected children was colonized by Candida species to a much greater extent than that of non-HIV-infected children, and this colonization was significantly associated with the prevalence of early carious lesions in enamel.
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Keywords: CANDIDA SPP. HIV INFECTION; CARIES; CHILDREN; DENTAL PLAQUE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Post-Doctoral student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2: Visiting professor, Department of Cariology, School of Dentistry, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil 3: Associate professor, Institute of Microbiology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 4: Adjunct professor, Department of Clinics and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 5: Associate professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 2016-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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