Influence of Curing Mode with a LED Unit on Polymerization Contraction Kinetics and Degree of Conversion of Dental Resin-Based Materials

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Abstract:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of photopolymerization mode with a light emitting diode (LED) lamp on the curing contraction kinetics and degree of conversion of 3 resin-based restorative materials.

Methods: The curing contraction kinetics of Admira (ADM), Filtek P60 (P60), and Filtek Flow (FLO) were measured by the glass slide method. The materials were exposed to light from a 1,000 mW/cm-2 power LED lamp (Elipar Freelight 2) in 3 modes: 2 continuous modes of 20 and 40 seconds (C20 and C40), and 1 exponential mode (E20; 5 seconds of exponential power increase followed by 15 seconds of maximum intensity). The degree of conversion (DC) was measured for each of the materials, and each of the modes by Fourier transformed infra-red spectrometry.

Results: P60 had the significantly lowest final contraction and FLO the highest among all light exposure modes. The C20 and C40 modes did not produce any difference in contraction or degree of conversion. The E20 mode led to a significant slowing of contraction speed combined with greater final contraction.

Conclusions: Use of a LED lamp (1,000 mW/cm2) in continuous mode reduces the exposure time by half for identical curing shrinkage and degree of conversion.

Keywords: CONVERSION DEGREE; CURING MODE; DENTAL POLYMERS; POLYMERIZATION SHRINKAGE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Physics of Materials, UMR CNRS(Unite Mixte de Recherche, Centre National de Recherche Scientiflque) Nancy, France 2: Dentist in private practice, Vevey, Switzerland

Publication date: July 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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