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Oral Health-related Quality of Life and Dental Esthetics in Amsterdam Schoolchildren

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Abstract:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of schoolchildren in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and to assess the relationship between OHRQoL and self-reported dental esthetics.

Methods: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) was completed by 510 seventh and eighth graders of public primary schools. Subjects also assessed their own dentition with the Esthetic Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (AC-IOTN). Gender differences on COHIP subscales and the AC-IOTN were examined using Mann-Whitney U tests. Correlations between the COHIP subscales and the AC-IOTN were assessed with Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.

Results: Boys scored significantly lower on the subscales "oral symptoms" and "emotional well-being" than girls. Correlations between OHRQoL and the AC-IOTN were low but significant for boys for the domains "oral symptoms" (0.137) and "emotional well-being" (0.186) and for girls for the domains "functional well-being" (0.148), "emotional well-being" (0.195), and "peer interaction" (0.215).

Conclusions: Dutch schoolchildren in Amsterdam generally reported good oral health-related quality of life. Boys seemed to experience a slightly lower impact of oral symptoms and better emotional well-being than girls. Children's self-perceived dental esthetics did not seem to constitute a relevant variable to explain their level of OHRQoL.

Keywords: CHILD ORAL HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE; DENTAL ESTHETICS; ORTHODONTICS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Orthodontics, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Publication date: July 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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