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Open Access Effects of Acute Psychosocial Stress in a Nonhuman Primate Model of Allergic Asthma

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Abstract:

Current husbandry and care guidelines for laboratory animals recommend social housing for nonhuman primates and all other social species. However, not all individuals of a social species are compatible, which can lead to psychosocial stress on certain members. Because stress affects immune responses, we undertook the present study to determine whether psychosocial stress associated with changes in the group housing of nonhuman primates affected allergic responses in a nonhuman primate model of allergic asthma. Historic records from 35 cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) sensitive to house dust mites (HDM) and enrolled in asthma studies from 2007 to 2011 were reviewed for variations in response to aerosolized HDM that could not be explained by clinical or experimental interventions. We then compared these variations with husbandry and clinical records to determine whether the unexplained variations in responses were associated with events known to induce psychosocial stress in this species, including restructuring of social groups, temporary isolation of group members, and changes in cage or room configurations. Adult macaques in stable social groups exhibited little variation in responses to aerosolized antigen. Changes in group membership (conspecifics), cage configurations, and temporary isolation of a group member were associated with decreased responses to HDM. This attenuation lasted 2 to 3 mo on average, although some macaques showed prolonged responses. No evidence for a stress-induced increase in allergic responses was noted. These results demonstrate that acute stress in HDM-sensitive cynomolgus macaques diminishes the physiologic response to inhaled allergen.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physiology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA 2: Department of Comparative Medicine, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA. rosenbaumm@ecu.edu

Publication date: March 1, 2013

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  • The Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS) serves as an official communication vehicle for the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS). The journal includes a section of refereed articles and a section of AALAS association news. The mission of the refereed section of the journal is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information on animal biology, technology, facility operations, management, and compliance as relevant to the AALAS membership. JAALAS accepts research reports (data-based) or scholarly reports (literature-based), with the caveat that all articles, including solicited manuscripts, must include appropriate references and must undergo peer review.

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